Armour, being out-of-date by the time of the Renaissance, gave the stage ghost a sense of antiquity. Ann Jones and Peter Stallybrass, in Renaissance Clothing and the Materials of Memory , point out, "In fact, it is as laughter increasingly threatens the Ghost that he starts to be staged not in armor but in some form of 'spirit drapery'. This is a striking departure both from the ghosts of the Renaissance stage and from the Greek and Roman theatrical ghosts upon which that stage drew. The most prominent feature of Renaissance ghosts is precisely their gross materiality.
They appear to us conspicuously clothed.
City of Ghosts
The king then awakens to find the ghost transformed into a beautiful woman. One of the key early appearances by ghosts was The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole in , considered to be the first gothic novel. Ghost stories, unlike Gothic fiction, usually take place in a time and location near to the audience of the story. The modern short story emerged in Germany in the early decades of the 19th century. Kleist 's The Beggar Woman of Locarno , published in , and several other works from the period lay claim to being the first ghost short stories of a modern type.
The Russian equivalent of the ghost story is the bylichka. The Vosges mountain range is the setting for most ghost stories by the French writing team of Erckmann-Chatrian. One of the earliest writers of ghost stories in English was Sir Walter Scott. His ghost stories, "Wandering Willie's Tale" , first published as part of Redgauntlet and The Tapestried Chamber eschewed the "Gothic" style of writing and helped set an example for later writers in the genre. Historian of the ghost story Jack Sullivan has noted that many literary critics argue a "Golden Age of the Ghost Story" existed between the decline of the Gothic novel in the s and the start of the First World War.
Irish author Sheridan Le Fanu was one of the most influential writers of ghost stories..
Le Fanu's collections, such as In a Glass Darkly and The Purcell Papers , helped popularise the short story as a medium for ghost fiction. Riddell, created ghost stories which were noted for adept use of the haunted house theme. The "classic" ghost story arose during the Victorian period, and included authors such as M.
Classic ghost stories were influenced by the gothic fiction tradition, and contain elements of folklore and psychology. Famous literary apparitions from the Victorian period are the ghosts of A Christmas Carol , in which Ebenezer Scrooge is helped to see the error of his ways by the ghost of his former colleague Jacob Marley , and the ghosts of Christmas Past, Christmas Present and Christmas Yet to Come.
David Langford has described British author M. James as writing "the 20th century's most influential canon of ghost stories". The classic Jamesian tale usually includes the following elements:. According to James, the story must "put the reader into the position of saying to himself, 'If I'm not very careful, something of this kind may happen to me!
He summed up his approach in his foreword to the anthology Ghosts and Marvels Oxford , : "Two ingredients most valuable in the concocting of a ghost story are, to me, the atmosphere and the nicely managed crescendo.
Let us, then, be introduced to the actors in a placid way; let us see them going about their ordinary business, undisturbed by forebodings, pleased with their surroundings; and into this calm environment let the ominous thing put out its head, unobtrusively at first, and then more insistently, until it holds the stage. He also noted: "Another requisite, in my opinion, is that the ghost should be malevolent or odious: amiable and helpful apparitions are all very well in fairy tales or in local legends, but I have no use for them in a fictitious ghost story.
Despite his suggestion in the essay "Stories I Have Tried to Write" that writers employ reticence in their work, many of James's tales depict scenes and images of savage and often disturbing violence. Influenced by British and German examples, American writers began to produce their own ghost stories. It has been adapted for film and television many times, such as Sleepy Hollow , a successful feature film. Wilkins Freeman  and F.
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Marion Crawford  all wrote ghost fiction. Henry James also wrote ghost stories, including the famous The Turn of the Screw. Oscar Wilde 's comic short story " The Canterville Ghost " has been adapted for film and television on several occasions. The theme of these ballads was often the return of a dead lover.
These songs were variants of traditional British ballads handed down by generations of mountaineers descended from the people of the Anglo-Scottish border region. In the Edwardian era , Algernon Blackwood who combined the ghost story with nature mysticism ,  Oliver Onions whose ghost stories drew on psychological horror ,  and William Hope Hodgson whose ghost tales also contained elements of the sea story and science fiction helped move the ghost story in new directions. The popularity of the game, as well as the acquisition of a printing press , led to the creation of a literary genre called Kaidanshu.
Kaidan are not always horror stories, they can "be funny, or strange, or just telling about an odd thing that happened one time". Lafcadio Hearn published Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things in as a collection of Japanese ghost stories collected by Lafcadio Hearn , and later made into a film. Ghost Stories magazine, which contained almost nothing but ghost stories, was published from to Beginning in the s, Fritz Leiber wrote ghost tales set in modern industrial settings, such as "Smoke Ghost" and "A Bit of the Dark World" A noted modern British writer of ghost fiction is Ramsey Campbell.
During the late s the depiction of ghost and supernatural events appear in films. With the advent of motion pictures and television, screen depictions of ghosts became common, and spanned a variety of genres. The works of Shakespeare, Dickens and Wilde have all been made into cinematic versions, as well as adaptations of other playwrights and novelists. It is also considered as the first silent short film depicting ghost and supernatural events.
After the second World War, sentimental depictions of ghosts were more popular in cinema than horror, and include the film The Ghost and Mrs. Muir , which was later adapted to television with a successful —70 TV series. The s saw screen depictions of ghosts diverge into distinct genres of the romantic and horror. A common theme in the romantic genre from this period is the ghost as a benign guide or messenger, often with unfinished business, such as 's Field of Dreams , the film Ghost , and the comedy Heart and Souls. The s also saw a lighthearted adaptation of the children's character Casper the Friendly Ghost , originally popular in cartoon form in the s and early s, in the feature film Casper.
Asian cinema has also produced horror films about ghosts, such as the Japanese film Ringu remade in the US as The Ring in , and the Pang brothers' film The Eye. In fictional television programming, ghosts have been explored in series such as Ghost Whisperer , Medium , Supernatural , the television series adaptation of The Ghost and Mrs.
Muir and Randall and Hopkirk Deceased. In animated fictional television programming, ghosts have served as the central element in series such as Casper the Friendly Ghost , Danny Phantom , and Scooby-Doo , as well as minor roles in various other television shows. Popularized in part by the comedy franchise Ghostbusters , ghost hunting has been popularized as a hobby wherein reportedly haunted places are explored.
It is also represented in children's television by such programs as The Ghost Hunter based on the book series of the same name and Ghost Trackers.
The Indian television series, Aahat , featured ghost and supernatural stories written by B. It was first aired on 5 October and ran for more than a decade, ending on 25 November with more than episodes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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He continued as Provost until his death in If this short biography of M. James has whetted your appetite for more knowledge about his life, you can discover more about M. James here.
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James in , author unknown, Wikimedia Commons. Thank you for an interesting piece on one of my favourite writers — most enjoyable. Thanks for getting the word out on James. Reblogged this on Writing hints and competitions and commented: A most interesting life precis of a most interesting subject. A writer to be admired and appreciated as the Master of the art. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
Email Address. Interesting Literature is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon. Share this: Tweet. Popularized in part by the comedy franchise Ghostbusters , ghost hunting has been popularized as a hobby wherein reportedly haunted places are explored.
Ghost Stories: Classic Tales of Horror and Suspense by Leslie S. Klinger
It is also represented in children's television by such programs as The Ghost Hunter based on the book series of the same name and Ghost Trackers. The Indian television series, Aahat , featured ghost and supernatural stories written by B. It was first aired on 5 October and ran for more than a decade, ending on 25 November with more than episodes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Ghost Story disambiguation. Main article: English Renaissance theatre. See also: Gothic fiction.